**BRIEF
HISTORY of Boole & Babbage Inc. (B&B).**

B&B was founded in 1967 by Ken Kolence and David Katch.

Ken, who also
founded the Institute for Software Engineering is the acknowledged
inventor of software sampling monitors.

The company was originally named K&K Software, Inc. When Pitch
Johnson, a venture capital provider, came on board as Chairman, he brought about
a name-change to Boole & Babbage. It was felt that K&K
Software was not a good marketing name due possible name-association with the
Ku-Klux-Klan. A short biography of Boole and Babbage
is reproduced, below, with acknowledgement to Compton's Encyclopaedia. It
is not known if the two mathematicians knew each other. They very likely
did, seeing their years in mathematical endeavour overlapped by about 20 years,
and the world of mathematics would have been small at that time.

It was fitting that the new company should be named after those pioneers. Boole & Babbage (the company) became a pioneer in its own way and carved a steady course in the development of many software products that were an invaluable aid in operating modern data centres, on IBM and compatible mainframes. Until its take-over by BMC Software in 1999, B&B was one of the leading software companies in the world.

The European Software Company (TESC) became the 'European leg' of Boole & Babbage, having first incorporated in 1978. Roger Dickinson (deceased 2001, RIP) was the first chairman of the board and the company was led initially by Han Bruggeling, Edouard Williamson and Jan Opschoor. The company logo was the three-pointed flag (seen on the left), which was later adopted as the worldwide corporate logo in 1990, at which time TESC was also renamed to Boole & Babbage Europe.

**George
Boole** (1815-64), an English mathematician, argued in 1847 that logic
should be allied with mathematics rather than with philosophy. Demonstrating
logical principles with mathematical symbols instead of words, he founded
symbolic logic, a field of mathematical/philosophical study.

In the new discipline he developed, known as Boolean algebra, all objects are divided into separate classes, each with a given property; each class may be described in terms of the presence or absence of the same property. An electrical circuit, for example, is either on or off. Boolean algebra has been applied in the design of binary computer circuits and telephone switching equipment. These devices make use of Boole's two-valued (presence or absence of a property) system.

Born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, on Nov. 2, 1815, George Boole was the son of a tradesman and was largely self-taught. He began teaching at the age of 16 to help support his family. In his spare time he read mathematical journals and soon began to write articles for them. By the age of 29, Boole had received a gold medal for his work from the British Royal Society. His 'Mathematical Analysis of Logic', a pamphlet published in 1847, contained his first statement of the principles of symbolic logic. Two years later he was appointed [the first] professor of mathematics at Queen's College [now University College Cork) in Ireland, even though he had never studied at a university. He died in Ballintemple, Ireland, age 49, on Dec. 8, 1864.

**Charles
Babbage** (1792-1871), was a 19th-century mathematician, credited with
inventing the modern computer. He also designed a type of speedometer and the
cowcatcher (a sloping frame on the front of a locomotive that tosses obstacles
off the railroad tracks).

Charles Babbage was born on Dec. 26, 1792, in Teignmouth, Devon, England. At age 19 he helped found the Analytical Society, whose purpose was to introduce developments from Europe into English mathematics. At about the same time Babbage first got his idea for mechanically calculating mathematical tables. Later he made a small calculator that could perform certain mathematical computations to eight decimal places. In 1816 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London, the oldest scientific society in Great Britain. Then, in 1823, he received government support for the design of a projected calculator with a 20-decimal capacity. While he was developing this machine he also served (1828-39) as a professor of mathematics at the University of Cambridge.

In the mid-1830s Babbage invented the principle of the analytical engine, the forerunner of the modern electronic computer. The government refused Babbage further support, however, and the device was never completed. A calculator based on his ideas was made in 1855 by a Swedish firm, but the computer was not developed until the electronic age. Babbage published papers on mathematics, statistics, physics, and geology. He also assisted in establishing England's modern postal system. Babbage died in London, age 79, on Oct. 18, 1871.